The Health Belief Model (HBM) is a tool that scientists use to try and predict health behaviors. It was originally developed in the 1950s and updated in the 1980s. The model is based on the theory that a person\'s willingness to change their health behaviors is primarily due to their health perceptions.
health be·lief mod·el. (helth bĕ-lēf modĕl) A psychological precept that attempts to explain and predict health behaviors by focusing on the attitudes and beliefs of individual patients.
Therefore, a central aspect of the Health Belief Model is that behavior change interventions are more effective if they address an individual’s specific perceptions about susceptibility, benefits, barriers, and self-efficacy .
The HBM suggests that people\'s beliefs about health problems, perceived benefits of action and barriers to action, and self-efficacy explain engagement (or lack of engagement) in health-promoting behavior. A stimulus, or cue to action, must also be present in order to trigger the health-promoting behavior. The health belief model